Fatima Jinnah was the main force behind the Quaid-e-Azam who had dedicated herself to keep him fit to continue his struggle for Pakistan.


Fatima Jinnah (fondly called as ‘Fati’ by Muhammad Ali Jinnah) was born on July 31, 1893. “Of the seven brothers and sisters of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Miss Fatima Jinnah, his third sister, resembled him the most. In his personal life as well, no one was so close to him.” When their father died in 1901, Muhammad Ali Jinnah became her guardian. He financially supported her education after she joined the Bandra Convent in 1903, and then Dr. Ahmed Dental College, Calcutta in 1919. After finishing her education and training, she opened a dental clinic in Bombay in 1923.

A rare picture of a 19-year-old Fatima Jinnah.

Fatima Jinnah – The Quaid’s Companion


“Miss Jinnah had first lived with her brother, for about eight years – till 1918, when he got married to Ruttenbai. Upon Ruttenbai’s death in February 1929, Miss Jinnah wound up her clinic, moved into Jinnah’s bungalow, and took charge of his house. Thus, began the life-long companionship, which lasted till Jinnah’s death on 11 September 1948.”


“Miss Jinnah lived with her brother [during] the more critical, the more trying, years in all his life.”

Fatima Jinnah moved into Jinnah’s bangalow on Malabar Hills after the death of Ruttenbai. Since then she was his constant companion.

“During all these years of worry and hard work my sister was like a bright ray of light and hope, whenever I came back home and met her. Anxieties would have been much greater, and my health much worse but for the restraint imposed by her. She never grudged – she never grumbled…

For solid ten years, she stood by me and sustained me.”

Jinnah, F. (ed. by Sharif al Mujahid) ‘My Brother’ Quaid e Azam Academy, pp 40, 1987


“Miss Jinnah, who not only lived with her brother but also accompanied him on his numerous tours, had developed and displayed a keen sense of the heroic struggle he was waging. On Ms. Jinnah’s part, she was to quote the Quaid a constant source of help and encouragement.”

Sharif al Mujahid
Fatima Jinnah was the most trusted advisor of Quaid-e-Azam.

Fatima Jinnah – The Main Force Behind Jinnah


She accompanied Jinnah everywhere and brought Muslim women into the political affairs of the Muslim nation. She evolved into a political worker, promoted women’s health, education, political and social matters. When Jinnah was not keeping well, Fatima was his carer. She was Jinnah’s companion and confidant.


“Miss Fatima Jinnah is a constant source of help and encouragement to me. In the days when I was expecting to be taken as a prisoner by the British Government, it was my sister who encouraged me and said hopeful things when revolution was staring me in the face. Her constant care is about my health.”

A few days after our arrival in Karachi, he said at a dinner in his honour at the Karachi club
Fatima Jinnah not only live with her brother but also accompanied him on the numerous tours.

The Quaid would discuss various problems with her, mostly at the breakfast and dinner table.

Jinnah, F. 1987, ‘My Brother’, pp 9
Fatima Jinnah and M.A. Jinnah at breakfast.

Recollections of Fatima